Biodegradation of synthetic dyes of textile effluent by. They are the most visible indicator of water pollution as some. The textile industry is one of the greatest consumer of water which is used for dyeing processes i. About 1015% 128 tonsday globally of the dyes are lost at various finishing steps of the printed cloths. Due to the toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of azo dyes and their breakdown products, their removal from industrial wastewaters has been an urgent challenge. More than half the commercial dyes belong to this class. Introduction azo dye is a type of synthetic organic dye that contains nitrogen as the azo group. Biodegradation of azo dyes in anaerobicaerobic sequencing batch reactors. Wk4biodegradation of azo dyes free download as powerpoint presentation. Treatment of azo dyecontaining wastewater using integrated processes. Different bacterial isolates were isolated from activated sludge of common effluent treatment plant and tested against reactive violet 5 rv5 dye. Conclusion a microbial degradation is one of the best techniques to detoxify and decolour the azo dyes.
Bacterial biodegradation and decolourization of toxic. Biodegradation of dyes by basidiomycetes fungi using hplc. Biodegradation of azo and phthalocyanine dyes by trametes. P international journal of environmental sciences volume 1 no. Lowcost biodegradation and detoxification of textile azo. Azo dyes are organic compounds bearing the functional group r. Tan ncg, borger a, slenders p, svitelskaya a, lettinga gh, field ja. Microbial degradation of azo dye by pseudomonas spp 24. They are a commercially important family of azo compounds, i. About 50,000 tons of textile dyes are discharged in the environment annually from dyeing processes globally lewis, 1999. Conclusion azo dyes are the largest and most widely used class of dyes, accounting for 50% of the dyes produced annually. Ia, id and if isolates showed decolorization of both dyes 90100% and thus selected for further studies. Chemically related to azo dyes are azo pigments, which are insoluble in water and.
The percentage of degradation was noted in table no. Biodegradation of azo dyes the handbook of environmental. Here we report for the first time that an azo dye compound is completely biodegradable in the absence of oxygen. Pdf decolorization and degradation of azo dyes by redox mediator system with bacteria.
Degradation of azo dye mordant yellow 10 in a sequential anaerobic and bioaugmented aerobic bioreactor. Biodegradation of azo dye compounds irjbb biodegradation of azo dye compounds kamlesh shah department of biotechnology, p. We additionally manage to pay for variant types and along with type of the books to browse. Biodegradation of azo dyes by bacteria inoculated on solid. Cleavage of the azo bonds in the azo dyes gives aromatic amines which are more toxic and carcinogenic. They are rich in microelements as well as minerals. The results suggest that, all the bacterial strain was able to decolorize both the dyes. Azo dyes, biodegradation, aromatic amines, anaerobicaerobic treatment 1. Azo dyes, their environmental effects, and defining a. Modeling the substituent effect on the oxidative degradation of azo dyes.
Some microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi and algae, can degrade. The decolourization of azo dyes has been found to be effective under anaerobic conditions. Aerobic biodegradation characteristic of different water. In anaerobic environments, azo bonds are reductively cleaved yielding carcinogenic aromatic amines, many of which are assumed to resist further metabolism by anaerobes. They pose toxicity lethal effect, genotoxicity, mutagenicity and. Biodegradation of orange ii, tropaeolin o, congo red, and azure b in cultures of the white rot fungus, phanerochaete chrysosporium, was demonstrated by decolarization of the culture medium, the extent of which was determined by monitoring the decrease in absorbance at or near the wavelength maximum for each dye. Acces pdf biodegradation of azo dyes biodegradation of azo dyes right here, we have countless book biodegradation of azo dyes and collections to check out. Among the synthetic dyes, azo dyes are the largest and most widely used dyes and account for more than half of the annually produced dyes. Most current studies on azo dye degradation focus on photochemical degradation methods. The dyes utilized at this set of experiments were b36 and methyl orange. Detoxification and disposal of sludge is a problem to textile dye units.
Three azo dyes, reactive orange 96, reactive violet 5 and reactive black 5, and two phthalocyanine dyes, reactive blue 15 and reactive blue 38, were chosen as representatives of. Decolorization, biodegradation, azo dyes, comamonas acidovorans and burkholderia cepacia. Selected aspects of environmental problems, that are associated with the use of azo dyes documenting the biodegradation of azo dyes by bacteria and fungi. Pdf biodegradation of textile azo dyes by bacteria. Biodecolorization and biodegradation of azo dyes by some. There are various types of dyes which are discussed as follows. Biodegradation of azo dye compounds premier publishers. Biodegradation of azo dyes using bacillus megaterium and its phytotoxicity study iv. Decolorization and degradation of azo dyes by redox mediator system with bacteria. To our knowledge, only a few studies have investigated the biodegradation of azo dye in aerobic bioreactors.
Biodegradation of azo dyes hatice atacag erkurt springer. Biodegradation of textile azo dyes by bacteria isolated from dyeing industry effluent article pdf available august 20 with 3,100 reads how we measure reads. Biodegradation of dyes using consortium of bacterial. Azo dyes make up about onehalf of all dyes synthesized and are predominantly used synthetic dyes in the textile, food, paper, printing, leather and cosmetic industries chang and lin, 2001. Textile azo dyes with bioaccessible groups for lignin degrading fungi, such as 2methoxyphenol. The journal of physical chemistry a 2004, 108 28, 59906000.
Due to the toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of azo dyes and their breakdown products, their removal from industrial wastewaters has. Azo dyes contain diazotized amine coupled with an amine or phenol and one or more azo groups nn. Eighteen fungal strains, known for their ability to degrade lignocellulosic material or lignin derivatives, were screened for their potential to decolorize commercially used reactive textile dyes. About 70% of dyes used in textile industries are azo, a dye complex in structure. Complete biodegradation of the azo dye azodisalicylate. Besides dyes, the wastewater contains acidsalkalis, common.
Azo dyes, which are aromatic compounds with one or more n n groups, constitute the largest class of synthetic dyes used in commercial applications zollinger, 1991. Biodegradation of azo dyes by bacteria inoculated on solid media. Azo dyes, as groups of electrondeficient xenobiotic compounds, are reported recalcitrant against aerobic bacterial degradation, and aerobic processing of azo dyes has been proven ineffective 23,24,25. Biodegradation of azo dye compounds linkedin slideshare. The anaerobic degradation yields aromatic amines which are mutagenic and toxic to humans and cannot be metabolized further under the conditions which generated them chung and. Azo dyes are important chemical pollutants of industrial origin.
The most potent isolate was identified as pseudomonas spp via partial. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading biodegradation of azo dyes the handbook of environmental chemistry 9. The acute and phytotoxicity evaluation of degraded metabolites suggests that bacterial strain favors the detoxification of dye rb 172. Microbial degradation and decolorization of azo dyes has gained more attention recently because of ecofriendly and inexpensive nature. Biodegradation of azo dyes by bacteria inoculated on solid media blanca e. Azo dyes are widely used to treat textiles, leather articles, and some foods. Destruction of azo dyes by anaerobicaerobic sequential. However, from the above section, actual removal of ao7 azo dye was achieved figure 1 b. Table 1 shows the dyes degradation under different conditions, proving the capability of bacteria to grow and decolorize azo dyes.
Pdf biodegradation of azo dye compounds researchgate. Decolorization of azo dyes by immobilized bacteria. Decolorization and degradation of azo dyes by redox mediator systems with bacteria. Although the effective mineralization of azo dye acid orange 7. Classified on the basis of their chemical composition, they can be acid dyes, azo dyes, basic dyes, disperse dyes, sulfur dyes, pigment dyes, etc. Microbial treatment which involves enzymatic process was very promising for the degradation and detoxification of azo dyes. It also showed promising potential to decolorize mixture of multiple dyes at a rate of more than 86% in 5 days.
Pdf one of the main problems associated with the treatment of textile wastewater is the removal of dyes. Biodegradation of azo dyes by using soil bacteria ijert. Azo dyes are a widespread class of poorly biodegradable industrial pollutants. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Biodegradation of bioaccessible textile azo dyes by. Basidiomycetes fungi are used for biodegradation of azo dyes, which is mainly employed in textile, food and pharmaceutical industry.
Azo dyes, biodegradation, aromatic amines, anaerobicaerobic treatm ent. Biodegradation of azo dyes the handbook of environmental chemistry 9 kindle edition by atacag erkurt, hatice. Sudha and others published microbial degradation of azo dyes. In this study, the degradation of azo dyes was carried out by using bacillus species that were isolated from the soil obtained from the textile industry. In 1994 estimates, the world production of dyes was around 1 million tons, of which more than 50% were azo dyes ollgaard et al.
Azo dyes play an important role as coloring agents in the textile, food, and pharmaceutical industry. The present study involves the successful study of the potency of b. Azo dyes contribute 84%, of which sulphonated azo dyes predominate. Enzymatic decolorization and degradation of azo dyes a. The standard book, fiction, history, novel, scientific research, as with ease as various. Wk4biodegradation of azo dyes dye physical sciences. Biodegradation is a green friendly method used for the degradation of azo dyes. The chemical nature of dyes varies, but azo dyes are the most widely used. One efficient yeast isolate capable of decolorizing both monoazo dyes and diazo dyes was selected, immobilized by entrapment. In addition they have some medicinal uses like antitumor effect due to their polysaccharide. In this study we intended to isolate and identify azo dye degrading and decolorizing bacterial strains as well as investigation its biodegradation mechanism. Azo dyes are one of the oldest industrially synthesized organic compounds characterized by presence of azo bond nn and are widely utilized as coloring agents in textile, leather, cosmetic, paint, plastic, paper, and food industries during textile processing, inefficiencies in dyeing result in large amounts of the dyestuff varying from 2% loss when using basic dyes. Azo dyes azo dye is the largest group of dyes, with nn as a chromophore in an aromatic system. Toxicity assessment and microbial degradation of azo dyes.
Pdf azo dyes are one of the oldest industrially synthesized organic compounds characterized by presence of azo bond nn and are widely utilized as. The selected isolates were tested separately to decolorize both azo dyes. Azo dyes are one of the oldest industrially synthesized organic compounds characterized by presence of azo bond nn and are widely utilized as coloring agents in textile, leather, cosmetic, paint, plastic, paper, and food industries during. Biodegradation of azo dyes by bacillus subtilis mafiadoc. Azo dyes, which are aromatic compounds with one or more nn groups, are the most important and largest class of. Bacterial decolorization and degradation of azo dyes.1219 922 1445 16 1439 408 1364 1300 299 1066 1152 1659 1344 195 383 104 1064 283 1198 856 283 1314 536 1548 546 911 476 367 479 72 901 603 282 599 266